RGTU/RGPV Safety in Refinery, Petrochemical Plant & Gas terminals Syllabus
FT-801(A) Safety in Refinery, Petrochemical Plant & Gas terminals Syllabus
Fire Technology and Safetyl Engineering(FT) VIII-8th Semester Syllabus

FT-801(A) Safety in Refinery, Petrochemical Plant & Gas terminals Course Contents:


Unit I Crude oil, its properties & Characteristics, Classification of petroleum & its products, MSDS  of  crude oil, diesel , gasoline, kerosene, LPG, Natural Gas, nylon, Naptha, Ammonia, Benzene, toluene,  Acelytene.  
Unit II Refining Processes: - Primary Distillation, catalytic cracker, polymerization, reforming, steam cracking, sulphur recovery, Lubricating oil treating. Process units such as desalter, ADU, VDU, FCC, hydrocracker, catalytic reformer etc. Storage tanks & its types. Layout of Refineries - simplified flow diagram of a typical refinery. 
\Unit III Fire protection & emergency planning :- Major fire risks, design criteria for selection of fire water network, fire fighting installations such as hydrant, mobile water monitors, foam pourer, DCP fixed, subsurface injection & steam snuffing systems. Storage tanks protection. Use of various media in petroleum & gas fires such as water, foam, DCP
.
Unit IV Fighting refinery & petrochemical fires: - Potential fire hazards, precautionary measures in case of non-ignited releases, oil & gas leaks. Fire fighting facilities for depots, terminals, on-shore, off-shore drilling platforms, and pipelines for transportation of petroleum products & Gas. Fighting Gas terminal fires: - Fire fighting & procedures in case of BLEVE, LPG hazards, spillage, vehicles using LPG & CNG as a fuel. Fire fighting facilities at LPG bottling plants. Water Injection into LPG vessel (water bottoming).
Unit V Statutory provisions pertaining to refineries, petrochemical plants & gas terminals:- Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD), Petroleum Act 1934, Petroleum Rules 2002, Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) drafts, Explosive Act 1884, Explosive Rules 1983 and Gas cylinders Rules 2004. Application of advance technologies used in refineries & petrochemical plants such as SCADA, SAP and various simulation molding.
References: -
1. Fire Service Manual (Volume 2) Fire Service Operations – Petrochemical Incidents
2. Manual of Firemanship, Part 6-A by H.M.S.O.
3. Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) Norms & Rules
4. Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) drafts
5. Loss prevention in Process of Industries, Vol 1,2, & 3, Frank P. Lees.
6. NFPA Codes