EX7101 High Voltage Engineering EX 7th (Seventh) sem Electrical & Electronics Engineering(EX) Syllabus
Introduction:-Introduction to HV technology, advantages of transmitting electrical power at high voltages, need for generating high voltages in laboratory. Important applications of high voltage.
Breakdown phenomena:- Classification of HV insulating media, Properties of important HV insulating media. Gaseous dielectrics: Ionizations: primary and secondary ionization processes. Criteria for gaseous insulation breakdown based on Townsend’s theory, Limitations of Townsend’s theory. Streamer’s theory breakdown in non uniform fields. Corona discharges. Paschen’s law and its significance. Time lags of Breakdown. Breakdown in solid dielectrics: Intrinsic Breakdown, avalanche breakdown, thermal breakdown, and electro mechanic breakdown. Breakdown of liquids dielectric dielectrics: Suspended particle theory, electronic Breakdown, cavity breakdown (bubble’s theory), electro convection breakdown.
Generation of HV AC DC and Impulse Voltage and current:- HV AC-HV transformer; Need for cascade connection and working of transformers units connected in cascade, Series resonant circuit- principle of operation and advantages. Tesla coil. HV DC- voltage doubler circuit, cock croft- Walton type high voltage DC set, Introduction to standard lightning and switching impulse voltages. Analysis of single stage impulse generator-expression for Output impulse voltage, Multistage impulse generator Components of multistage impulse generator. Triggering of impulse generator by three electrode gap arrangement. Triggering gap and oscillograph time sweep circuits. Generation of switching impulse voltage. Generation of high impulse current.
Measurement of high voltages:- Electrostatic voltmeter-principle, construction and limitation. Generating voltmeter- Principle, construction. Series resistance micro ammeter for HV DC measurements. Standard sphere gap measurements of HV AC, HV DC, and impulse voltages;Factors affecting the measurements. Potential dividers-resistance dividers capacitance dividers mixed RC potential dividers. Surge current measurement.
High voltage tests on electrical apparatus:-Definitions of technologies, tests on isolators, circuit breakers, cables insulators and transformers.
1. E. Kuffel and W.S. Zaengl, “High voltage engineering fundamentals”, 2nd edition, Elsevier, press, 2005.
2. M.S.Naidu and Kamaraju, “High Voltage Engineering”, 3rd edition, THM, 2007.
3. L. L. Alston, “High Voltage technology”, BSB Publication, 2007..
4. Rakosh Das Begamudre, Extra High voltage AC transmission engineering, Wiley Eastern limited, 1987.
5. Transmission and distribution reference book-Westing House.C.L.Wadhwa, High voltage engineering, New Age International Private limited, 1995.