General Introduction to Properties of Nuclear Systems and Radiation, Interaction of radiation with matter, Radioactive sources-Choice of isotopes. Radiation detectors-Ionization chambers, Geiger-Muller counters, Scintillation counters, Semiconductor devices, Neutron detectors based on recoil, Measuring circuits including modulators, converters and stabilizers, Synchronous detectors. Counting Statistics, Correlation sets, Standard deviation of rate meters, Error propagation, Effect of background, Statistical distribution of pulse height distribution, Detector efficiency.
Unit-II : Nuclear Reactor Instrumentation
Diffusion, moderation, absorption and delay processes, Neutron flux measurement, Control rod calibration, Nuclear fuel inspection and testing including poisoning, Radiation energy measurement, Remote control instrumentation, Nuclear instrument maintenance.
Unit-III : Application to industrial System
Radioactive Tracer technique, Gas and Liquid flow measurement, Leak detection, Residence time and its distribution, application to blending corrosion and wear studiesThickness and density measurement by beta rays, Gammaray absorption technique, measurement of thickness of surface material by back
Level detection by radioactive devices, interface detection by neutron moderation technique. Measurement of gas pressure and gas analysers, Speceros-copic and frequency methods. Void detection, a idity meter, moisture meter, smoke detection, Ozonizer, Radiochromatography and interferometry.Portable instruments, Source activity for dynamic properties of instruments.
Hazards of ionization radiation, physiological effect of radiation, Dose and Risk, Radiological protection (Plpha, beta and Gamma, X, Neutron), Shielding material and effectiveness. Operational safety instruments, emergency schemes, effluent disposal, Application to medical diagnosis and reatment.
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Boltan W., Newness, "Instrumentation and Measurement., Newness.
Jones, "Instrumentation Series",